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Algiphilus aromaticivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from a culture of the marine dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum, and proposal of Algiphilaceae fam. nov

Citation

Gutierrez, T and Green, DH and Whitman, WB and Nichols, PD and Semple, KT and Aitken, MD, Algiphilus aromaticivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from a culture of the marine dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum, and proposal of Algiphilaceae fam. nov, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 62, (11) pp. 2743-2749. ISSN 1466-5026 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 IUMS

DOI: doi:10.1099/ijs.0.033324-0

Abstract

A strictly aerobic, halotolerant, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain DG1253, was isolated from a laboratory culture of the marine dinoflagellate (CCAP 1121/2). The strain was able to degrade two- and three-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. It exhibited a narrow nutritional spectrum, preferring to utilize aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon compounds and small organic acids. Cells produced surface blebs and contained a single polar flagellum. The predominant isoprenoid quinone of strain DG1253 was Q-8. The fatty acid profile was dominated by Cω7. The mean DNA G+C content of strain DG1253 was 63.60.25 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed this organism within the order of the class . Its closest relatives included representatives of the clade (≤89.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) in the family . On the basis of distinct phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, strain DG1253 is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the class , for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species, , is DG1253 ( = ATCC BAA-2243 = DSM 24793). In addition, a new family, fam. nov., is proposed to accommodate the genus .

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:bacterial typing techniques, base composition, dinoflagellida, DNA, bacterial
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological Oceanography
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Nichols, PD (Dr Peter Nichols)
ID Code:118964
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-07-24
Last Modified:2017-10-24
Downloads:0

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