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Integrating indigenous livelihood and lifestyle objectives in managing a natural resource


Plaganyia, EE and van Putten, I and Hutton, T and Deng, RA and Dennis, D and Pascoe, S and Skewes, T and Campbell, RA, Integrating indigenous livelihood and lifestyle objectives in managing a natural resource, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110, (9) pp. 3639-3644. ISSN 0027-8424 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 PNAS

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1217822110


Evaluating the success of natural resource management approaches requires methods to measure performance against biological, economic, social, and governance objectives. In fisheries, most research has focused on industrial sectors, with the contributions to global resource use by small-scale and indigenous hunters and fishers undervalued. Globally, the small-scale fisheries sector alone employs some 38 million people who share common challenges in balancing livelihood and lifestyle choices.We used as a case study a fishery with both traditional indigenous and commercial sectors to develop a framework to bridge the gap between quantitative bio-economic models and more qualitative social analyses. For many indigenous communities, communalism rather than capitalism underlies fishers' perspectives and aspirations, and we find there are complicated and often unanticipated trade-offs between economic and social objectives. Our results highlight that market-based management options might score highly in a capitalistic society, but have negative repercussions on community coherence and equity in societies with a strong communal ethic. There are complex trade-offs between economic indicators, such as profit, and social indicators, such as lifestyle preferences. Our approach makes explicit the "triple bottom line" sustainability objectives involving trade-offs between economic, social, and biological performance, and is thus directly applicable to most natural resource management decision-making situations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:indigenous fishing, management strategy, Panulirus ornatus, stewardship, Torres Strait
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Fisheries management
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - wild caught
Objective Field:Wild caught rock lobster
UTAS Author:van Putten, I (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
ID Code:118956
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:87
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2017-07-24
Last Modified:2017-10-16
Downloads:128 View Download Statistics

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