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Nonlinear stratified spindown over a slope

Citation

Benthuysen, JA and Thomas, LN, Nonlinear stratified spindown over a slope, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 726 pp. 371-403. ISSN 0022-1120 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Cambridge University Press

DOI: doi:10.1017/jfm.2013.231

Abstract

Nonlinear stratified spindown of an along-isobath current over an insulated slope is shown to develop asymmetries in the vertical circulation and vertical relative vorticity field. During spindown, cyclonic vorticity is weakened to a greater extent than anticyclonic vorticity near the boundary because of buoyancy advection. As a consequence, Ekman pumping is weakened over Ekman suction. Momentum advection can weaken Ekman pumping and strengthen Ekman suction. Time-dependent feedback between the geostrophic flow and the frictional secondary circulation induces asymmetry in cyclonic and anticyclonic vorticity away from the boundary. Buoyancy advection over a slope can modify the secondary circulation such that anticyclonic vorticity decays faster than cyclonic vorticity outside the boundary layer. In contrast, momentum advection can cause cyclonic vorticity to spin down faster than anticyclonic vorticity. A scaling and analytical solutions are derived for when buoyancy advection over a slope can have a more significant impact than momentum advection on these asymmetries. In order to test this scaling and analytical solutions, numerical experiments are run in which both buoyancy and momentum advection are active. These solutions are contrasted with homogeneous or stratified spindown over a flat bottom, in which momentum advection controls the asymmetries. These results are applied to ocean currents over continental shelves and slopes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:geophysical flows, ocean circulation, topographic effects, continental shelves, geophysical flows
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Oceanography not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related)
Author:Benthuysen, JA (Dr Jessica Benthuysen)
ID Code:118952
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2017-07-24
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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