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Global ocean carbon uptake: magnitude, variability and trends


Wanninkhof, R and Park, G-H and Takahashi, T and Sweeney, C and Feely, R and Nojiri, Y and Gruber, N and Doney, SC and McKinley, GA and Lenton, A and Le Quere, C and Heinze, C and Schwinger, J and Graven, H and Khatiwala, S, Global ocean carbon uptake: magnitude, variability and trends, Biogeosciences, 10, (3) pp. 1983-2000. ISSN 1726-4170 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.5194/bg-10-1983-2013


The globally integrated sea-air anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) flux from 1990 to 2009 is determined from models and data-based approaches as part of the Regional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP) project. Numerical methods include ocean inverse models, atmospheric inverse models, and ocean general circulation models with parameterized biogeochemistry (OBGCMs). The median value of different approaches shows good agreement in average uptake. The best estimate of anthropogenic CO2 uptake for the time period based on a compilation of approaches is -2.0 Pg C yr-1. The interannual variability in the sea-air flux is largely driven by large-scale climate re-organizations and is estimated at 0.2 Pg C yr-1 for the two decades with some systematic differences between approaches. The largest differences between approaches are seen in the decadal trends. The trends range from -0.13 (Pg C yr-1) decade-1 to -0.50 (Pg C yr-1) decade-1 for the two decades under investigation. The OBGCMs and the data-based sea-air CO2 flux estimates show appreciably smaller decadal trends than estimates based on changes in carbon inventory suggesting that methods capable of resolving shorter timescales are showing a slowing of the rate of ocean CO2 uptake. RECCAP model outputs for five decades show similar differences in trends between approaches.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:air-sea interaction, annual variation, atmospheric modeling, carbon dioxide, carbon flux, decadal variation, general circulation model
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Measurement and assessment of marine water quality and condition
UTAS Author:Lenton, A (Dr Andrew Lenton)
ID Code:118943
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:241
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2017-07-24
Last Modified:2017-10-16
Downloads:136 View Download Statistics

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