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A hybrid bottom-up and top-down approach to machine medical ethics: Theory and data

Citation

van Rysewyk, SP and Pontier, M, A hybrid bottom-up and top-down approach to machine medical ethics: Theory and data, Machine Medical Ethics, Springer, van Rysewyk, SP and Pontier, M (ed), Switzerland, pp. 93-110. ISBN 978-3-319-08107-6 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08108-3_7

Abstract

The perceived weaknesses of philosophical normative theories as machine ethic candidates have led some philosophers to consider combining them into some kind of a hybrid theory. This chapter develops a philosophical machine ethic which integrates "top-down" normative theories (rule-utilitarianism and prima-facie deontological ethics) and "bottom-up" (case-based reasoning) computational structure. This hybrid ethic is tested in a medical machine whose inputoutput function is treated as a simulacrum of professional human ethical action in clinical medicine. In six clinical medical simulations run on the proposed hybrid ethic, the output of the machine matched the respective acts of human medical professionals. Thus, the proposed machine ethic emerges as a successful model of medical ethics, and a platform for further developments.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:medical ethics, machines
Research Division:Philosophy and Religious Studies
Research Group:Philosophy
Research Field:Philosophy not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies
Author:van Rysewyk, SP (Mr Simon Van Rysewyk)
ID Code:118639
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Humanities
Deposited On:2017-07-17
Last Modified:2017-08-07
Downloads:0

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