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Acute regulation of hematocrit and acid-base balance in chicken embryos in response to severe intrinsic hypercapnic hypoxia


Andrewartha, SJ and Tazawa, H and Burggren, WW, Acute regulation of hematocrit and acid-base balance in chicken embryos in response to severe intrinsic hypercapnic hypoxia, Respiration Physiology and Neurobiology, 195 pp. 1-10. ISSN 1569-9048 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.resp.2014.01.019


The regulation of blood acid–base balance and hematology in day 15 chicken embryos in response to partial water submersion (with egg's air cell in air) and complete submersion producing severe intrinsic hypercapnic hypoxia and recovery in air was studied. The acid–base disturbance during submersion was characterized by initial rapid respiratory changes and then superseded by metabolic processes, resulting in a large progressive hysteresis. Throughout submersion and recovery, blood lactate concentration changed swiftly along with the changes in bicarbonate concentration ([HCO3]), indicating that anaerobic glycolysis determined overall acid–base disturbances. Both partial and complete submersion produced large, rapid increases in hematocrit through proportional increases in mean corpuscular volume and red blood cell concentration. Death ensued once the internal pool of O2 was exhausted and/or the acid–base disturbance became too severe for survival (i.e., [HCO3]a < ∼10 mmol L−1). However, embryos recovered from acid–base and hematological disturbances within 120 min recovery in air after short bouts of complete (20 min) or partial (60 min) submersion, suggesting that shorter severe intrinsic hypercapnic hypoxia does not compromise viability of embryos.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:chicken embryo, acid-base balance, lactate, Hct, water submersion, severe intrinsic hypoxia
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Animal physiology - systems
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Andrewartha, SJ (Dr Sarah Andrewartha)
ID Code:118611
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Directorate
Deposited On:2017-07-14
Last Modified:2019-03-28

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