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Afterload Dependence of Right Ventricular Myocardial Strain

Citation

Wright, L and Negishi, K and Dwyer, N and Wahi, S and Marwick, TH, Afterload Dependence of Right Ventricular Myocardial Strain, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 30, (7) pp. 676-684. ISSN 0894-7317 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.echo.2017.03.002

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) free wall strain (RVFWS) is a feasible method for quantitation and follow-up of RV function and may have benefits over traditional markers such as fractional area change. However, like all ejection phase parameters, RVFWS is difficult to assess in the presence of changing afterload. The aim of this study was to compare RVFWS and traditional RV function parameters for tracking progress of RV function in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) over a range of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASPs).

METHODS: Sequential echocardiograms were collected retrospectively at two time points between 2005 and 2015 in 187 patients (71% women; mean age, 63 14 years) undergoing pulmonary vasodilator therapy for group 1 PAH. Patients were either studied during PAH therapy (n = 111) or before and after treatment initiation (n = 76). Standard measurements of RV and left ventricular function and PASP were performed, and speckle-tracking strain was used to calculate RVFWS. The linear response of RVFWS to afterload (PASP) was assessed using a standard regression equation. Because it is unclear if the response might be nonlinear, a quadratic association (PASP squared) was also used in the regression model.

RESULTS: At visit 1, patients with PAH showed impaired functional capacity (mean 6-min walk distance, 371 131 m), increased PASP (mean, 54 26 mm Hg), and borderline RVFWS (mean, 18 6%). Patients before PAH therapy showed more pronounced reduction in 6-min walk distance (mean, 302 136 m) and RVFWS (mean, 16 5%). RVFWS at baseline was associated with PASP (R2 = 0.25, P = .001), RV end-diastolic area (R2 = 0.36, P < .001), and fractional area change (R2 = 0.21, P < .001). Change in RVFWS was more strongly associated with ΔPASP (std β = -0.20, P = .02) than ΔPASP squared (std β = 0.11, P = .20). RVFWS showed strength over fractional area change for sequential RV assessment over a range of PASP changes.

CONCLUSIONS: Afterload changes should be taken into account in the evaluation of RVFWS during PAH follow-up, with the relationship to PASP likely to be linear.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Fractional area change, Pulmonary artery systolic pressure, Right ventricle, Strain
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Wright, L (Ms Leah Wright)
Author:Negishi, K (Dr Kazuaki Negishi)
Author:Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)
ID Code:118571
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-07-13
Last Modified:2017-07-13
Downloads:0

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