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Composition of Australian honey extractives .1. Norisoprenoids, monoterpenes, and other natural volatiles from blue gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) and yellow box (Eucalyptus melliodora) honeys

Citation

D'Arcy, BR and Rintoul, GB and Rowland, CY and Blackman, AJ, Composition of Australian honey extractives .1. Norisoprenoids, monoterpenes, and other natural volatiles from blue gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) and yellow box (Eucalyptus melliodora) honeys, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45, (5) pp. 1834-1843. ISSN 0021-8561 (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1021/jf960625+

Abstract

Chemical fingerprinting of Australian honey requires information on the composition of natural honey volatiles if it is to be useful as a honey-sourcing method. The naturally occurring volatiles of Australian blue gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) and yellow box (Eucalyptus melliodora) honeys were isolated by solvent (ethyl acetate) extraction. Compounds in the extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). These procedures have permitted the identification of 55 compounds that include norisoprenoids, monoterpenes, benzene derivatives, aliphatic compounds, and Maillard reaction products. The following 13 compounds were quantitatively identified for the first time in honey: four isomeric 3,4-dihydro-3-oxoactinidols; 8,9-dehydrotheaspirone; two isomeric 3-oxoretro-α-ionols; megastigm-4-ene-3,9-dione; 1-phenylbutane-2,3-diol; 1-phenylbutane-2,3-dione; 18-hydroxyoleic acid lactone; 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one; and 2,5-dimethyl-2,4-dihydroxy-3(2H)-furanone. The nature of the volatiles and semivolatiles in these two Australian honeys suggests that Australian honeys are quite distinctive relative to the other honeys that have been chemically studied by GC-MS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry
Research Field:Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Rowland, CY (Ms Catherine Yvette Rowland)
Author:Blackman, AJ (Dr Adrian Blackman)
ID Code:11852
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:87
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-12
Downloads:0

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