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Bathymetry and geological setting of the South Sandwich Islands volcanic arc


Leat, PT and Fretwell, PT and Tate, AJ and Larter, RD and Martin, TJ and Smellie, JL and Jokat, W and Bohrmann, G, Bathymetry and geological setting of the South Sandwich Islands volcanic arc, Antarctic Science, 28, (4) pp. 293-303. ISSN 0954-1020 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Antarctic Science Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0954102016000043


The South Sandwich Islands and associated seamounts constitute the volcanic arc of an active subduction system situated in the South Atlantic. We introduce a map of the bathymetry and geological setting of the South Sandwich Islands and the associated East Scotia Ridge back-arc spreading centre that consists of two sides: side 1, a regional overview of the volcanic arc, trench and back-arc, and side 2, detailed maps of the individual islands. Side 1 displays the bathymetry at scale 1:750 000 of the intra-oceanic, largely submarine South Sandwich arc, the back-arc system and other tectonic boundaries of the subduction system. Satellite images of the islands on side 2 are at scales of 1:50 000 and 1:25 000 with contours and main volcanological features indicated. These maps are the first detailed topological and bathymetric maps of the area. The islands are entirely volcanic in origin, and most have been volcanically or fumarolically active in historic times. Many of the islands are ice-covered, and the map forms a baseline for future glaciological changes caused by volcanic activities and climate change. The back-arc spreading centre consists of nine segments, most of which have rift-like morphologies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:data compilation, East Scotia Ridge, subduction, submarine volcanism, topographical mapping
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Martin, TJ (Dr Tara Martin)
ID Code:118374
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:22
Deposited By:Directorate
Deposited On:2017-07-11
Last Modified:2017-10-17

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