How important is the coast? A survey of coastal objectives in an Australian regional city
Dutra, LXC and Dichmont, CM and Van Putten, IE and Thebaud, O and Deng, RA and Pascual, R and Owens, R and Jebreen, E and Thompson, C and Warne, MJ and Quinn, R and Bennett, J and Read, M and Wachenfeld, D and Collier, C and Waycott, M and Davis, J and Garland, A and Dunning, M and Playford, J, How important is the coast? A survey of coastal objectives in an Australian regional city, Marine Policy, 71 pp. 229-241. ISSN 0308-597X (2016) [Refereed Article]
Defining goals and objectives is a critical component of adaptive management of natural resources because they provide the basis on which management strategies can be designed and evaluated. The aims of this study are: (i) to apply and test a collaborative method to elicit goals and objectives for inshore fisheries and biodiversity in the coastal zone of a regional city in Australia; (ii) to understand the relative importance of management objectives for different community members and stakeholders; and (iii) to understand how diverse perceptions about the importance of management objectives can be used to support multiple-use management in Australia’s iconic Great Barrier Reef. Management goals and objectives were elicited and weighted using the following steps: (i) literature review of management objectives, (ii) development of a hierarchy tree of objectives, and (iii) ranking of management objectives using survey methods. The overarching goals identified by the community group were to: (1) protect and restore inshore environmental assets; (2) improve governance systems; and (3) improve regional (socio-economic) well-being. Interestingly, these goals differ slightly from the usual triple-bottom line objectives (environmental, social and economic) often found in the literature. The objectives were ranked using the Analytical Hierarchical Process, where a total of 141 respondents from industry, government agencies, and community from across Queensland State undertook the survey. The environment goal received the highest scores, followed by governance and lastly well-being. The approach to elicit and rank goals and objectives developed in this study can be used to effectively support coastal resource management by providing opportunities for local communities to participate in the setting of regional objectives.
Great Barrier Reef, knowledge elicitation, management prioritisation, coastal zone management