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Nonlinear behaviour of interacting mid-latitude atmospheric vortices

Citation

Cosgrove, JM and Forbes, LK, Nonlinear behaviour of interacting mid-latitude atmospheric vortices, Journal of Engineering Mathematics, 104, (1) pp. 41-62. ISSN 0022-0833 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10665-016-9871-9

Abstract

Nonlinear behaviour of interacting large-scale atmospheric vortices is considered. These vortices are approximately fifteen kilometres high and can have diameters of hundreds if not thousands of kilometres, and so they can be thought of as large flat structures. The air is weakly compressible, and the fluid motion is subject to the Coriolis pseudo-force, due to the Earth being in a non-inertial rotating reference frame. The vortices studied are coupled binary systems. The high or low pressure in each vortex is modelled initially using an exponential function. A spectral method is presented, for obtaining accurate numerical solutions. Nonlinear results in the f-plane approximation are discussed at mid-latitudes. It is found that the vortices do or do not interact, depending on their initial radii and the location of their centres. A scaling law is found numerically for the ratio of these two quantities, which determines whether interaction does occur.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:binary interaction, mid-latitude vortices, spectral methods
Research Division:Mathematical Sciences
Research Group:Applied Mathematics
Research Field:Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences
Author:Cosgrove, JM (Dr Jason Cosgrove)
Author:Forbes, LK (Professor Larry Forbes)
ID Code:118082
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2017-07-04
Last Modified:2018-04-27
Downloads:0

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