Mond, JM and Stich, H and Hay, PJ and Kraemer, A and Baune, BT, Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study, International Journal of Obesity: and Related Metabolic Disorders, 31, (7) pp. 1068-1073. ISSN 0307-0565 (2007) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2007 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved
Objective: To examine associations between obesity and impairment in developmental functioning in a general population sample of pre-school children.
Method: Standardized medical examinations were conducted in nine consecutive cohorts of male and female children (n ¼ 9415) aged between 4.4 and 8.6 years (mean ¼ 6.0, s.d. ¼ 0.37) residing in the Lower Bavaria region of Germany. Tests designed to assess performance in subdivisions representing four broad developmental domains, namely, motor development, speech development, cognitive development and psycho-social development, were completed by all participants.
Results: Boys had significantly higher rates of impairment than girls. The prevalence of obesity in boys was 2.4%, whereas in girls it was 4.3% (w2 ¼ 21.51, Po 0.01). After controlling for age, gender, year of recruitment and other potential covariates, the prevalence of impairment in gross motor skills was higher among obese male children than normal-weight male children (adjusted odds ratio ¼ 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) ¼ 1.02, 3.01, Po 0.05), whereas the prevalence of impairment in the ability to focus attention was higher in obese female children than normal-weight female children (adjusted odds ratio ¼ 1.86, 95% CI ¼ 1.00, 3.44, Po 0.05).
Conclusions: The findings suggest that gender-specific associations between obesity and impairment in specific aspects of developmental functioning may be evident in younger children.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Children, pre-school, Developmental functioning|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Mental Health|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Mental Health|
|Author:||Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||62|
|Deposited By:||Centre for Rural Health|
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