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Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study

Citation

Mond, JM and Stich, H and Hay, PJ and Kraemer, A and Baune, BT, Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study, International Journal of Obesity: and Related Metabolic Disorders, 31, (7) pp. 1068-1073. ISSN 0307-0565 (2007) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2007 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803644

Abstract

Objective: To examine associations between obesity and impairment in developmental functioning in a general population sample of pre-school children.

Method: Standardized medical examinations were conducted in nine consecutive cohorts of male and female children (n 9415) aged between 4.4 and 8.6 years (mean 6.0, s.d. 0.37) residing in the Lower Bavaria region of Germany. Tests designed to assess performance in subdivisions representing four broad developmental domains, namely, motor development, speech development, cognitive development and psycho-social development, were completed by all participants.

Results: Boys had significantly higher rates of impairment than girls. The prevalence of obesity in boys was 2.4%, whereas in girls it was 4.3% (w2 21.51, Po 0.01). After controlling for age, gender, year of recruitment and other potential covariates, the prevalence of impairment in gross motor skills was higher among obese male children than normal-weight male children (adjusted odds ratio 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02, 3.01, Po 0.05), whereas the prevalence of impairment in the ability to focus attention was higher in obese female children than normal-weight female children (adjusted odds ratio 1.86, 95% CI 1.00, 3.44, Po 0.05).

Conclusions: The findings suggest that gender-specific associations between obesity and impairment in specific aspects of developmental functioning may be evident in younger children.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Children, pre-school, Developmental functioning
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Mental Health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)
ID Code:117964
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:64
Deposited By:Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2017-06-29
Last Modified:2017-11-28
Downloads:0

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