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Combined stresses in forests


Mitchell, P and Wardlaw, TJ and Pinkard, L, Combined stresses in forests, Chapter 11. Combined Stresses in Plants, Springer, R. Mahalingam (ed), Switzerland, pp. 223-244. ISBN 978-331907899-1 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-319-07899-1_11


Tree species are exposed to single and combined forms of stress capable of inducing severe changes in plant functioning and survival. Climate change and other human disturbance continue to introduce novel combinations of stressors in forest ecosystems that make predicting their impact exceedingly difficult. In this chapter, we examine the causes and consequences of combined stresses in forest ecosystems. We discuss the significance of a range of abiotic and biotic factors responsible for various impacts on forest ecosystems, including long-term decline and episodic forest collapse. A generalized framework is presented that helps elucidate the contributions of primary, secondary, conditioning, and anthropogenic factors in determining levels of physiological stress in trees. The intensity, frequency, and duration of the constitutive stressors can determine the effect of other stress factors, thereby mediating the importance of singular and multiple factors in defining physiological distress and recovery. The importance of understanding the mechanistic basis for observed stress responses is discussed in light of the challenges associated with predicting impacts from multiple stressors.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of freshwater ecosystems
UTAS Author:Wardlaw, TJ (Dr Timothy Wardlaw)
ID Code:117930
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2017-06-29
Last Modified:2018-04-05

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