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Effect of grape bunch sunlight exposure and UV radiation on phenolics and volatile composition of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir wine

Citation

Song, J and Smart, R and Wang, H and Dambergs, B and Sparrow, A and Qain, MC, Effect of grape bunch sunlight exposure and UV radiation on phenolics and volatile composition of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir wine, Food Chemistry, 173 pp. 424-431. ISSN 0308-8146 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.09.150

Abstract

The effect of canopy leaf removal and ultraviolet (UV) on Pinot noir grape and wine composition was investigated in this study. Limited basal leaf removal in the fruit zone was conducted, compared to shaded bunches. The UV exposure was controlled using polycarbonate screens to block UV radiation, and acrylic screens to pass the UV. The results showed that bunch sunlight and UV exposure significantly increased the Brix and pH in the grape juice, and increased substantially wine colour density, anthocyanins, total pigment, total phenolics and tannin content. Bunch sunlight and UV exposure affected terpene alcohols, C13-norisprenoids and other volatile composition of the wine differently. Sunlight exposure and UV resulted in increase of nerol, geraniol and citronellol but not linalool. Sunlight exposure slightly increased the concentration of β-ionone, but the increase was not statistically significant for UV treatment. Neither sunlight nor UV treatment showed any impact on the concentration of β-damascenone.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:sunlight exposure, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, pinot noir wine, wine phenolic, terpene alcohols, C13-norisoprenoids
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Food Sciences
Research Field:Wine Chemistry and Wine Sensory Science
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Industrial Crops
Objective Field:Wine Grapes
Author:Dambergs, B (Dr Robert Dambergs)
Author:Sparrow, A (Dr Angela Sparrow)
ID Code:117872
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2017-06-28
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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