eCite Digital Repository

Branded as a World Heritage city: The politics afterwards


Lai, S and Ooi, CS, Branded as a World Heritage city: The politics afterwards, Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, 11, (4) pp. 276-292. ISSN 1751-8040 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2015 Macmillan Publishers

DOI: doi:10.1057/pb.2015.12


The UNESCO World Heritage (WH) site recognition assures cultural value and quality by branding the place as highly worthy of conservation and visit. The WH brand offers many advantages, especially in tourism development and destination marketing. The process of getting recognition is lengthy, and well documented. This study, however, moves beyond place marketing and into the politics of interpretation and presentation of the WH brand after the site is recognized. The empirical cases are George Town and Melaka in Malaysia. This study critically examines relationships between two major stakeholder groups, namely, the Malaysian federal government and the local state-level governments. By doing so, the article shows how the conflicting demands of stakeholders, and also various contested visions, result in multiple interpretations of how these heritage cities should be developed. This article argues that contestation in interpreting and recognizing the WH brand is part of national political posturing. Such political posturing affects local communities and transmits particular ideological messages in internationally sanctioned heritage. This study contributes to the scant research on the politics between different stakeholder groups and interpretation of the WH brand.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:World Heritage, stakeholders, Malaysia, Melaka, George Town
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Tourism
Research Field:Tourism not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in commerce, management, tourism and services
UTAS Author:Ooi, CS (Professor Can Seng Ooi)
ID Code:117625
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Office of the School of Social Sciences
Deposited On:2017-06-21
Last Modified:2017-11-09

Repository Staff Only: item control page