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Incidence of eating disorders in Danish psychiatric secondary healthcare 1970 2008

Citation

Gammelmark, C and Jensen, SO and Plessen, KJ and Skadhede, S and Larsen, JT and Munk-Jorgensen, P, Incidence of eating disorders in Danish psychiatric secondary healthcare 1970- 2008, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49, (8) pp. 724-730. ISSN 0004-8674 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists. Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav anp.sagepub.com

DOI: doi:10.1177/0004867414567758

Abstract

Objective: Is an increased focus on eating disorders during the past few decades reflected by increasing occurrence in the psychiatric health service system.

Method: All first-time diagnoses of eating disorders identified in the Danish Central Psychiatric Research Register 19702008 constitute the present research database. Age-standardized rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated and autoregressive models were fitted for males and females separately as well as for in- and outpatients.

Results: The incidence of eating disorders diagnosed in Danish psychiatric secondary healthcare has increased considerably during a nearly 40-year period of observation both within the general category of eating disorders and also specifically for anorexia nervosa. The steepest increase is seen within females aged 1519 years, where the highest incidences are also found. Anorexia nervosa constitutes the vast majority of all eating disorders. Throughout the time interval investigated, the number of males, however, is negligible compared to females. Most patients are seen in outpatient services, increasing towards recent years. However, the number of patients being treated as inpatients has increased linearly through the entire four decenniums investigated.

Conclusions: Changes in registration principles, public awareness and higher acceptance of mental disorders in the public is the most obvious explanation for the incidence increase of anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. This study does not answer whether there has been an increase in true incidence in the population.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders, Incidence
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Mental Health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
ID Code:117585
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2017-06-20
Last Modified:2017-08-23
Downloads:0

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