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Anabolic steroid use and body image psychopathology in men: Delineating between appearance- versus performance-driven motivations


Murray, SB and Griffiths, S and Mond, JM and Kean, J and Blashill, AJ, Anabolic steroid use and body image psychopathology in men: Delineating between appearance- versus performance-driven motivations, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 165 pp. 198-202. ISSN 0376-8716 (2016) [Refereed Article]



Copyright Statement

2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.06.008


Objective: Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use has been robustly associated with negative body image, and eating- and muscularity-oriented psychopathology. However, with AAS being increasingly utilized for both appearance and athletic performance-related purposes, we investigated whether comorbid body image psychopathology varies as a function of motivation for usage.

Method: Self-reported motivation for current and initial AAS use was recorded amongst 122 AAS using males, alongside measures of current disordered eating and muscle dysmorphia psychopathology.

Results: Those reporting AAS for appearance purposes reported greater overall eating disorder psychopathology, F(2, 118) = 7.45, p = 0.001, p 2 = 0.11, and muscle dysmorphia psychopathology, F(2, 118) = 7.22, p < 0.001, p 2 = 0.11, than those using AAS primarily for performance purposes. Additionally, greater dietary restraint, F(2, 116) = 3.61, p =0.030, p 2 = 0.06, functional impairment, F(2, 118) = 3.26, p = 0.042, p 2 = 0.05, and drive for size, F(2, 118) = 10.76, p <0.001, p 2 = 0.15, was demonstrated in those using ASS for appearance purposes.

Discussion: Motivation for AAS use may be important in accounting for differential profiles of body image psychopathology amongst users. Men whose AAS use is driven primarily by appearance-related concerns may be a particularly dysfunctional subgroup.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Anabolic androgenic steroids, Eating disorders, Body image
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)
ID Code:117557
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:47
Deposited By:UTAS Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2017-06-20
Last Modified:2018-07-11
Downloads:138 View Download Statistics

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