Murray, SB and Griffiths, S and Mond, JM and Kean, J and Blashill, AJ, Anabolic steroid use and body image psychopathology in men: Delineating between appearance- versus performance-driven motivations, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 165 pp. 198-202. ISSN 0376-8716 (2016) [Refereed Article]
© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Objective: Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use has been robustly associated with negative body image, and eating- and muscularity-oriented psychopathology. However, with AAS being increasingly utilized for both appearance and athletic performance-related purposes, we investigated whether comorbid body image psychopathology varies as a function of motivation for usage.
Method: Self-reported motivation for current and initial AAS use was recorded amongst 122 AAS using males, alongside measures of current disordered eating and muscle dysmorphia psychopathology.
Results: Those reporting AAS for appearance purposes reported greater overall eating disorder psychopathology, F(2, 118) = 7.45, p = 0.001, p 2 = 0.11, and muscle dysmorphia psychopathology, F(2, 118) = 7.22, p < 0.001, p 2 = 0.11, than those using AAS primarily for performance purposes. Additionally, greater dietary restraint, F(2, 116) = 3.61, p =0.030, p 2 = 0.06, functional impairment, F(2, 118) = 3.26, p = 0.042, p 2 = 0.05, and drive for size, F(2, 118) = 10.76, p <0.001, p 2 = 0.15, was demonstrated in those using ASS for appearance purposes.
Discussion: Motivation for AAS use may be important in accounting for differential profiles of body image psychopathology amongst users. Men whose AAS use is driven primarily by appearance-related concerns may be a particularly dysfunctional subgroup.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Anabolic androgenic steroids, Eating disorders, Body image|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Health services and systems|
|Research Field:||Mental health services|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Mental health|
|UTAS Author:||Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||47|
|Deposited By:||UTAS Centre for Rural Health|
|Downloads:||138 View Download Statistics|
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