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Wildlife population trends in protected areas predicted by national socio-economic metrics and body size

Citation

Barnes, MD and Craigie, ID and Harrison, LB and Geldmann, J and Collen, B and Whitmee, S and Balmford, A and Burgess, ND and Brooks, T and Hockings, M and Woodley, S, Wildlife population trends in protected areas predicted by national socio-economic metrics and body size, Nature Communications, 7 Article 12747. ISSN 2041-1723 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2016 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1038/ncomms12747

Abstract

Ensuring that protected areas (PAs) maintain the biodiversity within their boundaries is fundamental in achieving global conservation goals. Despite this objective, wildlife abundance changes in PAs are patchily documented and poorly understood. Here, we use linear mixed effect models to explore correlates of population change in 1,902 populations of birds and mammals from 447 PAs globally. On an average, we find PAs are maintaining populations of monitored birds and mammals within their boundaries. Wildlife population trends are more positive in PAs located in countries with higher development scores, and for larger-bodied species. These results suggest that active management can consistently overcome disadvantages of lower reproductive rates and more severe threats experienced by larger species of birds and mammals. The link between wildlife trends and national development shows that the social and economic conditions supporting PAs are critical for the successful maintenance of their wildlife populations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:population trends, protected areas, body size, socioeconomic metrics, biodiversity, conservation, population change
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Conservation and Biodiversity
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of environments not elsewhere classified
Author:Brooks, T (Dr Thomas Brooks)
ID Code:117485
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2017-06-16
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:21 View Download Statistics

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