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Impact of forage fertilization with urea and composted cattle manure on soil fertility in sandy soils of south-central Vietnam

Citation

McRoberts, KC and Ketterings, QM and Parsons, D and Hai, TT and Quan, NH and Ba, NX and Nicholson, CF and Cherney, DJR, Impact of forage fertilization with urea and composted cattle manure on soil fertility in sandy soils of south-central Vietnam, International Journal of Agronomy, 2016 Article 4709024. ISSN 1687-8159 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2016 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1155/2016/4709024

Abstract

Increased production in smallholder beef systems requires improved forage management. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of composted cattle manure and mineral nitrogen (urea) application on soil fertility and partial nutrient balances in plots established to Brachiaria cv. Mulato II in south-central coastal Vietnam from 2010 to 2013. A randomized complete block design was implemented on six farms (blocks), with five rates of composted cattle manure (0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 Mg DM/ha per yr) and three urea rates (0, 60, and 120 kg N/ha per yr) in a factorial design. Soil was analyzed before and after the experiment. Compost increased soil pH, organic matter, Ca, Mg, and Mn. The effect of compost and urea applications on postexperiment soil fertility depended on preexperiment soil fertility for K, P, S, Mg, Zn, Mn, Cu, and organic matter, suggesting that the ability to maintain soil fertility depends on the interaction between soil organic and inorganic amendments and existing soil fertility. Highest farm yields were also achieved on farms with higher preexperiment soil fertility levels. Negative partial nutrient balances for N, P, and K suggest that yields will not be sustainable over time even for the highest fertilization inputs used in this experiment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:forage fertilization, fertilization, urea, cattle manure, soil fertility, sandy soil, Vietnam
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Agronomy
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Soils
Objective Field:Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
Author:Parsons, D (Dr David Parsons)
ID Code:117480
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Office of the School of Land and Food
Deposited On:2017-06-15
Last Modified:2017-10-12
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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