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Effects of irrigating forage turnips Brassica rapa var. rapa cv. Barkant during different periods of vegetative growth 3. Irrigation water use efficiency, evapotranspiration and effective use of water

Citation

Rowe, BA and Neilsen, JE, Effects of irrigating forage turnips Brassica rapa var. rapa cv. Barkant during different periods of vegetative growth 3. Irrigation water use efficiency, evapotranspiration and effective use of water, Crop and Pasture Science, 67, (8) pp. 864-871. ISSN 1836-0947 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Journal compilation copyright CSIRO 2016

DOI: doi:10.1071/CP14363

Abstract

Irrigation was applied at different rates and frequencies during five consecutive periods of vegetative growth of the forage turnip Brassica rapa var. rapa cv. Barkant, grown in the field in north-west Tasmania, Australia, during the spring and summer of 1999–2000 (Season 1) and 2000–01 (Season 2). Irrigation applied before root expansion did not increase the dry matter (DM) of turnips (leaf plus root) in either season. At the following four harvests in each season, DM increased linearly in proportion to the cumulative amount of irrigation applied before the harvests. Irrigation water use efficiency, as measured by the slopes of the linear regressions, ranged from 5.7 to 17.2 kg DM ha–1 mm–1 in Season 1 and from 19.2 to 26.0 kg DM ha–1 mm–1 in Season 2. The effective use of water (EUW; yield increase/evapotranspiration within a period) was calculated for each of the five periods in Season 2 to identify the vegetative growth periods when the response ( kg DM ha–1 mm–1) was greatest and limited irrigation water could be applied most effectively. EUW of irrigated turnip increased from 16.8 kg DM ha–1 mm–1 at the onset of root expansion to 53.5 kg DM ha–1 mm–1 when root growth rate was a maximum, but declined thereafter. Scarce irrigation should be applied between the onset of root expansion and approximately 8 weeks later, when the response to irrigation (kg DM ha–1 mm–1) was greatest.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:irrigation, forage turnips, water use efficiency, evapotranspiration, effective water use
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Agronomy
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Land and Water Management
Objective Field:Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Water Management
Author:Rowe, BA (Mr Barry Rowe)
Author:Neilsen, JE (Mr James Neilsen)
ID Code:117472
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2017-06-15
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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