Kruger, M and Hinder, MR and Puri, R and Summers, JJ, Influence of cognitive functioning on age-related performance declines in visuospatial sequence learning, Frontiers in Psychology, 8 Article 919. ISSN 1664-1078 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2017 Krüger, Hinder, Puri and Summers. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate how age-related performance differences in a visuospatial sequence learning task relate to age-related declines in cognitive functioning.
Method: Cognitive functioning of 18 younger and 18 older participants was assessed using a standardized test battery. Participants then undertook a perceptual visuospatial sequence learning task. Various relationships between sequence learning and participants’ cognitive functioning were examined through correlation and factor analysis.
Results: Older participants exhibited significantly lower performance than their younger counterparts in the sequence learning task as well as in multiple cognitive functions. Factor analysis revealed two independent subsets of cognitive functions associated with performance in the sequence learning task, related to either the processing and storage of sequence information (first subset) or problem solving (second subset). Age-related declines were only found for the first subset of cognitive functions, which also explained a significant degree of the performance differences in the sequence learning task between age-groups.
Discussion: The results suggest that age-related performance differences in perceptual visuospatial sequence learning can be explained by declines in the ability to process and store sequence information in older adults, while a set of cognitive functions related to problem solving mediates performance differences independent of age.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||factor analysis, information processing, problem solving, perceptual learning, memory, aging|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Field:||Neurosciences not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)|
|Objective Field:||Health Related to Ageing|
|UTAS Author:||Kruger, M (Ms Melanie Kruger)|
|UTAS Author:||Hinder, MR (Dr Mark Hinder)|
|UTAS Author:||Puri, R (Mr Rohan Puri)|
|UTAS Author:||Summers, JJ (Professor Jeffery Summers)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||1|
|Downloads:||66 View Download Statistics|
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