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Population status, breeding success and ecology of the Henderson Petrel after a failed rat eradication on Henderson Island

Citation

Oppel, S and Lavers, JL and Donaldson, AH and Forrest, AK and McClelland, GTW and Bond, AL and Brooke, M de L, Population status, breeding success and ecology of the Henderson Petrel after a failed rat eradication on Henderson Island, Emu, 117, (2) pp. 151-159. ISSN 0158-4197 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2017 BirdLife Australia

DOI: doi:10.1080/01584197.2017.1292610

Abstract

One of the most important breeding colonies for gadfly petrels in the sub-tropics, Henderson Island in the South Pacific Ocean, was subjected to a rat eradication attempt in 2011, but the eradication failed. Here we examine whether the current population status of the endemic Henderson Petrel Pterodroma atrata is consistent with an ongoing population decline. We collected basic biological information on Henderson Petrels in 2015 to compare estimates of breeding population size and nest survival to data from 1991. We found that the extrapolated population size of 19 987 pairs was marginally higher than the comparable estimate of 18 668 in 1991. We also estimated the nest survival of 25 nests to be 28.5%, and most nest failures occurred within 7 days of hatching when chicks were killed by rats (n = 3) or a crab (n = 1). Breeding success was higher than in 1991, and possibly sufficient for a stable population. Although differences in survey effort render it difficult to directly compare estimates from 1991 and 2015, there is currently no evidence that the conservation status of the Henderson Petrel has deteriorated since it was listed as ‘Endangered’ by the IUCN.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:invasive species, rodent eradication, seabird ecology, Pterodroma, Rattus exulans, growth rate, breeding success, island restoration
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Conservation and Biodiversity
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Lavers, JL (Dr Jennifer Lavers)
ID Code:117219
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-06-03
Last Modified:2018-05-28
Downloads:0

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