Genetic population structure of yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi) in temperate Australasian waters inferred from microsatellite markers and mitochondrial DNA
Miller, PA and Fitch, AJ and Gardner, M and Hutson, KS and Mair, G, Genetic population structure of yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi) in temperate Australasian waters inferred from microsatellite markers and mitochondrial DNA, Aquaculture: An International Journal Devoted to Fundamental Aquatic Food Resources, 319, (3-4) pp. 328-336. ISSN 0044-8486 (2011) [Refereed Article]
Expansion of finfish aquaculture will see increased incentive for translocation of stocks across geopolitical boundaries. The potential for genetic contamination of stocks arising from translocation and subsequent release or escape of translocated and/or genetically mixed stocks may be a significant risk to wild populations. Assessment of risk requires knowledge of the local population structure for the species across the range that translocation might occur and it is in this context we undertook a population genetic survey of stocks of Yellowtail Kingfish across temperate Australia and New Zealand. Seven polymorphic microsatellite loci were used to analyse a total of 272 individuals sampled from New Zealand, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. A subset of individuals from each sample locality was also assessed for variation at the mitochondrial gene ND4. Pairwise analysis of sample location and Bayesian analysis showed that Western Australia S. lalandi were genetically distinct from S. lalandi sampled from the other localities. No difference was found between New Zealand S. lalandi and eastern (New South Wales) or central (South Australia and Victoria) Australian fish. The mitochondrial analysis supported the microsatellite data with western samples possessing unique haplotypes compared with all other sites which shared haplotypes. With the expansion of the Yellowtail Kingfish aquaculture industry and likely translocation of stocks, there is a need for a review of translocation policies that consider genetic diversity as a factor in the development of Yellowtail Kingfish aquaculture in the region.
Seriola lalandi, yellowtail kingfish, microsatellites, mtDNA, ND4, population genetics