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Floral mass per area and water maintenance traits are correlated with floral longevity in Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae)

Citation

Zhang, F-P and Yang, Y-J and Yang, Q-Y and Zhang, W and Brodribb, TJ and Hao, G-Y and Hu, H and Zhang, S-B, Floral mass per area and water maintenance traits are correlated with floral longevity in Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae), Frontiers in Plant Science, 8 Article 501. ISSN 1664-462X (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Zhang, Yang, Yang, Zhang, Brodribb, Hao, Hu and Zhang Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.00501

Abstract

Floral longevity (FL) determines the balance between pollination success and flower maintenance. While a longer floral duration enhances the ability of plants to attract pollinators, it can be detrimental if it negatively affects overall plant fitness. Longer-lived leaves display a positive correlation with their dry mass per unit area, which influences leaf construction costs and physiological functions. However, little is known about the association among FL and floral dry mass per unit area (FMA) and water maintenance traits. We investigated whether increased FL might incur similar costs. Our assessment of 11 species of Paphiopedilum (slipper orchids) considered the impact of FMA and flower water-maintenance characteristics on FL. We found a positive relationship between FL and FMA. Floral longevity showed significant correlations with osmotic potential at the turgor loss and bulk modulus of elasticity but not with FA. Neither the size nor the mass per area was correlated between leaves and flowers, indicating that flower and leaf economic traits evolved independently. Therefore, our findings demonstrate a clear relationship between FL and the capacity to maintain water status in the flower. These economic constraints also indicate that extending the flower life span can have a high physiological cost in Paphiopedilum.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:floral longevity, floral dry mass per unit area, floral economic traits, floral water maintenance, Paphiopedilum
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Plant Physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Author:Brodribb, TJ (Professor Tim Brodribb)
ID Code:117158
Year Published:2017
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP140100666)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2017-06-01
Last Modified:2018-04-30
Downloads:11 View Download Statistics

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