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Average spatial density gradient of the galactic cosmic rays and its temporal variation observed with the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)

Citation

Kozai, M and Munakata, K and Kato, C and Yasue, S and Kuwabara, T and Bieber, JW and Evenson, P and Rockenbach, M and Dal Lago, A and Schuch, NJ and Tokumaru, M and Duldig, ML and Humble, JE and Sabbah, I and Al Jassar, HK and Sharma, MM and Kota, J, Average spatial density gradient of the galactic cosmic rays and its temporal variation observed with the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN), Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, 11-18 August 2011, Beijing, China, pp. 301-304. ISBN 9781634391382 (2011) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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Official URL: http://icrc2011.ihep.ac.cn/

DOI: doi:10.7529/ICRC2011/V02/0376

Abstract

We deduce the spatial gradient of galactic cosmic rays in three dimensions from the fist order anisotropy observed with the Global Muon Detector Network. The anisotropy vector is first corrected for the solar wind convection and the Compton-Getting effect arising from the solar wind and the Earth's orbital motion around the Sun. We then convert the component anisotropy perpendicular to the interplanetary magnetic field to the spatial density gradient by assuming that the perpendicular anisotropy is mainly due to the diamagnetic streaming. In this paper, we analyze the solar cycle variation of the gradient observed with the GMDN during ten years between 2001 and 2010 and show that the derived density gradient is clearly decreasing with decreasing the solar activity toward the solar activity minimum in 2008-2009. We also find a clear seasonal variation in each of the radial and longitudinal component of the gradient vector in a close correlation with the heliographic latitude of the Earth. The amplitude of this seasonal variation also decreases with decreasing the solar activity. We discuss the origin of this seasonal variation in terms of the global distribution of cosmic-ray density in the heliosphere.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:diurnal anisotropy, solar cycle variation of the cosmic ray density gradient, heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic rays
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical and Space Sciences
Research Field:High Energy Astrophysics; Cosmic Rays
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Author:Duldig, ML (Dr Marc Duldig)
Author:Humble, JE (Dr John Humble)
ID Code:117076
Year Published:2011
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2017-05-30
Last Modified:2017-11-03
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