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Are flowers vulnerable to xylem cavitation during drought?

Citation

Zhang, F-P and Brodribb, TJ, Are flowers vulnerable to xylem cavitation during drought?, Royal Society of London. Proceedings. Biological Sciences, 284, (1854) Article 20162642. ISSN 0962-8452 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society.

DOI: doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2642

Abstract

Water stress is known to cause xylem cavitation in the leaves, roots and stems of plants, but little is known about the vulnerability of flowers to xylem damage during drought. This is an important gap in our understanding of how and when plants become damaged by water stress. Here we address fundamental questions about if and when flowers suffer cavitation damage, using a new technique of cavitation imaging to resolve the timing of cavitation in water-stressed flower petals compared with neighbouring leaves. Leaves and flowers from a sample of two herbaceous and two woody eudicots were exposed to a severe water stress while the spatial and temporal propagation of embolism through veins was recorded. Although in most cases water potentials inducing 50% embolism of herbaceous flower veins were more negative than neighbouring leaves, there was no significant difference between the average vulnerability of leaves and petals of herbaceous species. In both woody species, petals were more vulnerable to cavitation than leaves, in one case by more than 3 MPa. Early cavitation and subsequent damage of flowers in the two woody species would thus be expected to precede leaf damage during drought. Similar cavitation thresholds of flowers and leaves in the herb sample suggest that cavitation during water shortage in these species will occur simultaneously among aerial tissues. Species-specific differences in the cavitation thresholds of petals provide a new axis of variation that may explain contrasting flowering ecology among plant species.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:flower, vein, hydraulic, water stress
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Plant Physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Author:Brodribb, TJ (Professor Tim Brodribb)
ID Code:116969
Year Published:2017
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP140100666)
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2017-05-26
Last Modified:2018-04-30
Downloads:0

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