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Students’ engagement profiles in mathematics according to learning environment dimensions: developing an evidence base for best practice in mathematics education

Citation

Watt, HMG and Carmichael, C and Callingham, R, Students' engagement profiles in mathematics according to learning environment dimensions: developing an evidence base for best practice in mathematics education, School Psychology International, 38, (2) pp. 166-183. ISSN 0143-0343 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright The Author(s) 2017

DOI: doi:10.1177/0143034316688373

Abstract

The Best Practice in Mathematics Education project was funded by the Australian Office of the Chief Scientist, to examine promotion of students’ learning, engagement and aspirations in this core learning domain. We draw upon cross-sectional survey data from 551 students in grades three to nine to examine how students’ mathematics engagement relates to key dimensions of their learning climate (mastery or performance focused classrooms), teacher enthusiasm, and school caring. Engagement is known to be associated with positive school outcomes and influenced by environmental factors. Less known is whether, and the extent to which, students have different profiles of engagement across component dimensions (Fredricks, Blumenfeld, & Paris, 2004); and, how profiles may differ according to experienced environment dimensions. We first develop profiles of adolescents’ behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement using multilevel latent class analysis, educing three profiles of ‘engaged’, ‘compliant’, and ‘disengaged’ students, who systematically differed on experienced environmental factors. Mastery focused classrooms, enthusiastic teachers and caring school environment were experienced most by engaged, and least by disengaged students; performance focused classrooms were unrelated to engagement profiles. Identified patterns will be of particular use to teachers in understanding how class, teacher, and school influences together shape students’ own engagement in mathematics.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:engagement, latent profile analysis, learning environment, mathematics education, motivation
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and Pedagogy
Research Field:Mathematics and Numeracy Curriculum and Pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Education and Training Systems
Objective Field:Education and Training Systems not elsewhere classified
Author:Callingham, R (Associate Professor Rosemary Callingham)
ID Code:116787
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2017-05-20
Last Modified:2018-06-20
Downloads:0

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