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Long term risk of severe retinopathy in childhood-onset type 1 diabetes: a data linkage study

Citation

White, M and Sabin, MA and Magnussen, CG and O'Connell, MA and Colman, PG and Cameron, F, Long term risk of severe retinopathy in childhood-onset type 1 diabetes: a data linkage study, Medical Journal of Australia, 206, (9) pp. 398-401. ISSN 0025-729X (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.5694/mja16.00712

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between glycaemic control trajectory and the long term risk of severe complications in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus, as well as the effects of paediatric and adult HbA1c levels.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Data linkage study of data for adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (diagnosed during 1975-2010) who had transitioned from paediatric diabetes care at the Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne) to adult diabetes care at the Royal Melbourne Hospital during 1992-2013.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Severe complications were categorised as severe diabetic retinopathy (SDR), chronic kidney disease, ulceration or amputation, and death. Mean HbA1c levels were calculated for the paediatric and adult periods. Four glycaemic control trajectories were defined according to mean paediatric and adult HbA1c levels: stable low (paediatric and adult HbA1c ≤ 66 mmol/mol); improving (paediatric HbA1c > 66 mmol/mol, adult HbA1c ≤ 66 mmol/mol); worsening (paediatric HbA1c ≤ 66 mmol/mol, adult HbA1c > 66 mmol/mol); and stable high (paediatric and adult HbA1c > 66 mmol/mol).

RESULTS: 503 eligible participants (253 men) were identified, 26 (5.2%) of whom had at least one severe complication, including 16 with SDR (3.2%). No-one in the stable low group, but 4% of the improving, 1% of the worsening, and 7% of the stable high groups developed SDR. Higher mean paediatric (per 10.9 mmol/mol increase: odds ratio [OR], 2.9; 95% CI, 1.9-4.3; P < 0.01) or adult HbA1c levels (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.1; P < 0.01) were associated with increased risk of SDR, as was longer duration of type 1 diabetes (per additional year: OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.2-1.5; P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: SDR was associated with higher paediatric HbA1c levels, independent of glycaemic control during adulthood; it was not documented in patients with a stable low glycaemic control trajectory.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Magnussen, CG (Dr Costan Magnussen)
ID Code:116729
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-05-17
Last Modified:2017-05-17
Downloads:0

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