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The missing half of the subduction factory: shipboard results from the Izu rear arc, IODP Expedition 350


Busby, CJ and Tamura, Y and Blum, P and Guerin, G and Andrews, GDM and Barker, AK and Berger, JLR and Bongiolo, EM and Bordiga, M and DeBari, SM and Gill, JB and Hamelin, C and Jia, J and John, EH and Jonas, A-S and Jutzeler, M and Kars, MAC and Kita, ZA and Konrad, K and Mahony, SH and Martini, JM and Miyazaki, T and Musgrave, RJ and Nascimento, DB and Nichols, ARL and Ribiero, JM and Sato, T and Schindlbeck, JC and Schmitt, AK and Straub, SM and Mleneck-Vautravers, MJ and Yang, AY, The missing half of the subduction factory: shipboard results from the Izu rear arc, IODP Expedition 350, International Geology Review, 59, (13) pp. 1677-1708. ISSN 0020-6814 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/00206814.2017.1292469


IODP Expedition 350 was the first to be drilled in the rear part of the Izu-Bonin, although several sites had been drilled in the arc axis to fore-arc region; the scientific objective was to understand the evolution of the Izu rear arc, by drilling a deep-water volcaniclastic section with a long temporal record (Site U1437). The Izu rear arc is dominated by a series of basaltic to dacitic seamount chains up to ∼100-km long roughly perpendicular to the arc front. Dredge samples from these are geochemically distinct from arc front rocks, and drilling was undertaken to understand this arc asymmetry. Site U1437 lies in an∼20-km-wide basin between two rear arc seamount chains, ∼90-km west of the arc front, and was drilled to 1804m below the sea floor (mbsf) with excellent recovery. We expected to drill a volcaniclastic apron, but the section is much more mud-rich than expected (∼60%), and the remaining fraction of the section is much finer-grained than predicted from its position within the Izu arc, composed half of ashes/tuffs, and half of lapilli tuffs of fine grain size (clasts <3cm). Volcanic blocks (>6.4cm) are only sparsely scattered through the lowermost 25% of the section, and only one igneous unit was encountered, a rhyolite peperite intrusion at ∼1390mbsf. The lowest biostratigaphic datum is at 867mbsf (∼6.5Ma), the lowest palaeomagnetic datum is at ∼1300mbsf (∼9Ma), and the rhyolite peperite at ∼1390mbsf has yielded a UPb zircon concordia intercept age of (13.6+1.6/−1.7)Ma. Both arc front and rear arc sources contributed to the fine-grained (distal) tephras of the upper 1320m, but the coarse-grained (proximal) volcaniclastics in the lowest 25% of the section are geochemically similar to the arc front, suggesting arc asymmetry is not recorded in rocks older than ∼13Ma.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:IODP, Expedition 350, IBM, reararc, arc, volcaniclastic, volcanic
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Jutzeler, M (Dr Martin Jutzeler)
ID Code:116567
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2017-05-12
Last Modified:2018-04-26

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