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Global seafood trade flows and developing economies: insights from linking trade and production

Citation

Watson, RA and Nichols, R and Lam, VWY and Sumaila, UR, Global seafood trade flows and developing economies: insights from linking trade and production, Marine Policy, 82 pp. 41-49. ISSN 0308-597X (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2017 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.017

Abstract

Knowing the patterns of marine resource exploitation and seafood trade may help countries to design their future strategic plans and development policies. To fully understand these patterns, it is necessary to identify where the benefits accumulate, how balanced the arrangements are, and how the pattern is evolving over time. Here the flow of global seafood was traced from locations of capture or production to their countries of consumption using novel approaches and databases. Results indicate an increasing dominance of Asian fleets by the volume of catch from the 1950s to the 2010s, including fishing in the high seas. The majority of landings were by high-income countries’ fishing fleets in their own waters in the 1950s but this pattern was greatly altered by the 2010s, with more equality in landings volume and value by fleets representing different income levels. Results also show that the higher the income of a country, the more valuable seafood it imports compared to its exports and vice versa. In theory, this implies that the lower income countries are exporting high value seafood in part to achieve the broader goal of ending poverty, while achieving the food security goal by retaining and importing lower value seafood. In the context of access arrangements between developed and developing countries, the results allow insights into the consequences of these shifting sources of income may have for goals such as poverty reduction and food security.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:global seafood trade, global fisheries, seafood value, developing nations, access agreements
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
Author:Nichols, R (Ms Rachel Nichols)
ID Code:116421
Year Published:2017
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP140101377)
Deposited By:Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2017-05-10
Last Modified:2017-07-26
Downloads:0

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