Robertson, LT and St George, RJ and Carlson-Khuta, P and Hogarth, P and Burchiel, KJ and Horak, FB, Site of deep brain stimulation and jaw velocity in Parkinson disease, Journal of neurosurgery, 115, (5) pp. 985-994. ISSN 0022-3085 (2011) [Refereed Article]
© Copyright 2011 American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Object: While deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven to be an effective treatment for many symptoms of Parkinsonís disease (PD), a deterioration of axial symptoms frequently occurs, particularly for speech and swallowing. These unfavorable effects of DBS may depend on the site of stimulation. We made quantitative measures of jaw velocity to compare the relative effectiveness of DBS in the globus pallidus internus (GPi) or the subthalamic nucleus (STN).
Design: Randomized, double-blind, and longitudinal, with matched healthy control subjects.
Methods: The peak velocities of self-scaled and externally-scaled jaw movements were studied in 27 PD patients before and after 6 months of bilateral DBS in the GPi or the STN. A mixedeffects model was used to identify differences in jaw velocity before DBS surgery (baseline) while off and on levodopa therapy, and after 6 months of DBS (postoperative) during four treatment conditions (off- and on-levodopa states with and without DBS).
Results: Self-scaled jaw velocity was impaired by the DBS procedure in STN; velocity was significantly decreased across all postoperative conditions compared to either the off- and onlevodopa baseline conditions. In contrast, the GPi group postoperatively was generally faster than the baseline off levodopa state. Turning the DBS off and on had no effect on jaw velocity in either group. Unlike baseline, levodopa therapy postoperatively no longer increased jaw velocity in either group, and this lack of effect was not related to postoperative changes in dose. The externally-scaled jaw velocity was little affected by PD, but DBS still slightly affected performance, with the STN group significantly slower than the GPi group for most conditions.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that either the electrode implant in STN or the subsequent period of continuous STN stimulation negatively affected voluntary jaw velocity, including the loss of the preoperative levodopa induced improvement. While the GPi group showed some improvement in voluntary jaw velocity postoperatively, their performance during the combination of DBS and levodopa was not different than their best medical management presurgery. The results have implications for DBS target selection, particularly for those patients with oromotor dysfunctions.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Parkinsons Disease DBS Jaw|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Human Movement and Sports Science|
|Research Field:||Motor Control|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Neurodegenerative Disorders Related to Ageing|
|UTAS Author:||St George, RJ (Dr Rebecca St George)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||18|
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