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Predicting treatment outcome: An examination of the mechanism of action of two pre-quit smoking cessation pharmacotherapies using EMA methods

Citation

Ferguson, SG and Wells, GP and Chapel, K, Predicting treatment outcome: An examination of the mechanism of action of two pre-quit smoking cessation pharmacotherapies using EMA methods, Ambulatory Assessment and Intervention Symposium, 1 May, 2017, Melbourne, Australia (2017) [Conference Extract]


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Abstract

Quit smoking medications have traditionally been started on quit day. Recently, studies have established that efficacy is improved by starting treatment prior to quitting. Understanding how pre-quit treatments influence abstinence may improve outcomes. Here we test the effects of two treatments on smoking, satisfaction, and craving, and whether reductions in these variables predict outcomes. Participants (n=213) were randomised to receive either standard patch (SP), pre-quit patch (PQP) or varenicline (VAR) and used electronic diaries to monitor their smoking and mood in real-time. PQP and VAR groups had reductions in the satisfaction gained from smoking, craving, and cigarette intake during the pre-quit period; SP group did not. Reductions during the pre-quit phase predicted post-quit outcomes. These results suggest that the reduction in smoking observed during pre-quit treatment is linked to reductions in satisfaction, and that they are a result of treatment.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:snacking, weight management
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Preventive Medicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Substance Abuse
Author:Ferguson, SG (Associate Professor Stuart Ferguson)
Author:Wells, GP (Ms Gudrun Wells)
ID Code:116150
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2017-05-02
Last Modified:2017-05-11
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