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Properties of a clay soil from 1.5 to 3.5 years after biochar application and the impact on rice yield

Citation

Carvalho, MTM and Madari, BE and Bastiaans, L and van Oort, PAJ and Leal, WGO and Heinemann, AB and da Silva, MAS and Maia, AHN and Parsons, D and Meinke, H, Properties of a clay soil from 1.5 to 3.5 years after biochar application and the impact on rice yield, Geoderma, 276 pp. 7-18. ISSN 0016-7061 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.04.013

Abstract

We assessed the impact of a single application of wood biochar on soil chemical and physical properties and aerobic rice grain yield on an irrigated kaolinitic clay Ferralsol in a tropical Savannah. We used linear mixed models to analyse the response of soil and plant variables to application rates of biochar (0, 8, 16 and 32 t ha−1) and mineral N fertilization (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg N ha−1), and their interaction. The response was analysed within three aerobic rice-growing seasons (S), equivalent to 1.5, 2.5 and 3.5 years after biochar application (S1.5, S2.5 and S3.5). The fraction of oxidisable C in soil increased with biochar application rate, irrespective of N fertilization, at S2.5 and S3.5, whereas the rice stress-free available water (soil water retention between − 6 and − 100 kPa) decreased with biochar application rate at S1.5 and S2.5. Rice grain yield and yield components varied with the seasons according to the changes in soil properties and weather conditions. A single application rate up to 32 t ha−1 of the wood biochar type used in this study had no impact on aerobic rice yield increase on a kaolinitic clay Ferralsol under the climatic conditions of the Brazilian Savannah prone to dry spells. Most likely, the beneficial effects of wood biochar on soil chemical properties on rice production were offset by a decrease in soil water retention capacity and N uptake by the crop.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:carbonised biomass, wood biochar, soil C, soil water retention capacity
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
Research Field:Agricultural Production Systems Simulation
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally Sustainable Plant Production
Objective Field:Management of Gaseous Waste from Plant Production (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
Author:Parsons, D (Dr David Parsons)
Author:Meinke, H (Professor Holger Meinke)
ID Code:116148
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Office of the School of Land and Food
Deposited On:2017-05-02
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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