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Climate change enhances the potential impact of infectious disease and harvest on tropical waterfowl

Citation

Traill, LW and Bradshaw, CJA and Field, HE and Brook, BW, Climate change enhances the potential impact of infectious disease and harvest on tropical waterfowl, Biotropica, 41, (4) pp. 414-423. ISSN 0006-3606 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00508.x

Abstract

Global warming exacerbates threats to biodiversity as ecological systems shift in response to altered climatic conditions. Yet the long-term survival of populations at direct risk from climate change may also be undermined by local factors such as infectious disease or anthropogenic harvest, which leave smaller and more isolated populations increasingly vulnerable to the rapid pace of global change. We review current and future threats to an exemplar tropical waterfowl species, magpie geese Anseranas semipalmata, and focus on the potential synergies between infectious diseases, harvest, and climate change. We outline viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens likely to cause disease in geese, and give mention to parasites. Further, we elaborate on a previously developed, spatially explicit population viability model to simulate demographic responses to hunting and novel or enhanced disease outbreaks due to climate change. With no harvest, the simulated disease epizootics only threatened metapopulation viability when both mortality rate was high and outbreaks were regular (a threshold response). However, when contemporary site-specific harvest is included as an additive impact, the response to disease severity and probability was linear. We recommend field research to test these hypotheses linking drivers of waterfowl population decline to disease–climate change interactions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Anseranas semipalmata, avian disease, global warming, population viability analysis, tropical Australia
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Population Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Author:Brook, BW (Professor Barry Brook)
ID Code:116142
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Biological Sciences
Deposited On:2017-05-02
Last Modified:2017-09-04
Downloads:0

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