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Talking hands: tongue motor excitability during observation of hand gestures associated with words

Citation

Komeilipoor, N and Vicario, CM and Daffertshofer, A and Cesari, P, Talking hands: tongue motor excitability during observation of hand gestures associated with words, Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8 Article 767. ISSN 1662-5161 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Author(s) Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00767

Abstract

Perception of speech and gestures engage common brain areas. Neural regions involved in speech perception overlap with those involved in speech production in an articulator-specific manner. Yet, it is unclear whether motor cortex also has a role in processing communicative actions like gesture and sign language. We asked whether the mere observation of hand gestures, paired and not paired with words, may result in changes in the excitability of the hand and tongue areas of motor cortex. Using single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we measured the motor excitability in tongue and hand areas of left primary motor cortex, while participants viewed video sequences of bimanual hand movements associated or not-associated with nouns. We found higher motor excitability in the tongue area during the presentation of meaningful gestures (noun-associated) as opposed to meaningless ones, while the excitability of hand motor area was not differentially affected by gesture observation. Our results let us argue that the observation of gestures associated with a word results in activation of articulatory motor network accompanying speech production.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Language, Motor System
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurosciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
ID Code:115993
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2017-04-26
Last Modified:2017-09-25
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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