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Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking in Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation

Sharmin, S and Kypri, K and Khanam, MA and Wadolowski, M and Bruno, R and Mattick, RP, Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking in Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, International journal of environmental research and public health, 14, (3) pp. 1-17. ISSN 1660-4601 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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2017 by the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph14030287

Abstract

Whether parental supply of alcohol affects the likelihood of later adolescent risky drinking remains unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize findings from longitudinal studies investigating this association. We searched eight electronic databases up to 10 September 2016 for relevant terms and included only original English language peer-reviewed journal articles with a prospective design. Two reviewers independently screened articles, extracted data and assessed risk of bias. Seven articles met inclusion criteria, six of which used analytic methods allowing for meta-analysis. In all seven studies, the follow-up period was ≥12 months and attrition ranged from 3% to 15%. Parental supply of alcohol was associated with subsequent risky drinking (odds ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.72, 2.32); however, there was substantial risk of confounding bias and publication bias. In all studies, measurement of exposure was problematic given the lack of distinction between parental supply of sips of alcohol versus whole drinks. In conclusion, parental supply of alcohol in childhood is associated with an increased likelihood of risky drinking later in adolescence. However, methodological limitations preclude a causal inference. More robust longitudinal studies are needed, with particular attention to distinguishing sips from whole drinks, measurement of likely confounders, and multivariable adjustment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Parental Supply of Alcohol in Childhood and Risky Drinking Adolescence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Preventive Medicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Rural Health
Author:Khanam, MA (Dr Masuma Khanam)
Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
ID Code:115796
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-04-10
Last Modified:2017-05-24
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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