Rasheed, S and Jahan, S and Sharmin, T and Hoque, S and Khanam, MA and Land, MA and Iqbal, M and Hanifi, SMA and Khatun, F and Siddique, AK and Bhuiya, A, How much salt do adults consume in climate vulnerable coastal Bangladesh?, BMC Public Health, 14 Article 584. ISSN 1471-2458 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 Rasheed et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Background: Evidence from numerous studies suggests that salt intake is an important determinant of elevated blood pressure. Robust data about salt consumption among adults in Bangladesh is sparse. However, much evidence suggests saline intrusion due to sea level rise as a result of climate change exposes more than 20 million people to adverse effects of salinity through the food and water supply. The objective of our study was to assess salt consumption among adults in a coastal region of Bangladesh.
Methods: Our study was cross sectional and conducted during October-November 2011. A single 24 hour urine was collected from 400 randomly selected individuals over 18 years of age from Chakaria, a rural, coastal area in Southeastern Bangladesh. Logistic regression was conducted to identify the determinants of high salt consumption.
Results: The mean urinary sodium excretion was 115 mmol/d (6.8 g salt). Based on logistic regression using two different cutoff points (IOM and WHO), housewives and those living in the coastal area had a significantly higher probability of high salt intake compared with people who were engaged in labour-intensive occupations and who lived in hilly areas.
Conclusion: It is important to create awareness about the implication of excessive salt intake on health and to develop strategies for reducing salt intake that can be implemented at the community-level. A sustainable policy for salt reduction in the Bangladeshi diet should be formulated with special emphasis on coastal areas.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Salt, adults, consume, climate vulnerable, coastal Bangladesh|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Preventive Medicine|
|Objective Group:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)|
|Objective Field:||Rural Health|
|Author:||Khanam, MA (Dr Masuma Khanam)|
|Year Published:||2017 (online first 2014)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||10|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
|Downloads:||9 View Download Statistics|
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