Kabir, ZN and Ferdous, T and Cederholm, T and Khanam, MA and Streatfield, K and Wahlin, A, Mini Nutritional Assessment of rural elderly people in Bangladesh: the impact of demographic, socio-economic and health factors, Public health nutrition, 9, (8) pp. 968-974. ISSN 1368-9800 (2006) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2006 The Authors
OBJECTIVE: In stating the Millennium Development Goals, the United Nations aims to halve malnutrition around the world by 2015. Nutritional status of the elderly population in low-income countries is seldom focused upon. The present study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of malnutrition among an elderly population in rural Bangladesh.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Data collection for a multidimensional cross-sectional study of community-based elderly people aged 60 years and over was conducted in a rural area in Bangladesh.
SUBJECTS: Of 850 randomly selected elderly individuals, 625 participated in home interviews. Complete nutritional information was available for 457 individuals (mean age 69+/-8 years, 55% female). Nutritional status was assessed using an adapted form of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) including body mass index (BMI). Age, sex, education, household expenditure on food and self-reported health problems were investigated as potential predictors of nutritional status.
RESULTS: BMI<18.5 kg m(-2), indicating chronic energy deficiency, was found in 50% of the population. MNA revealed a prevalence of 26% for protein-energy malnutrition and 62% for risk of malnutrition. Health problems rather than age had a negative impact on nutritional status. Level of education and food expenditure were directly associated with nutritional status.
CONCLUSION: In order to reduce world hunger by half in the coming decade, it is important to recognise that a substantial proportion of the elderly population, particularly in low-income countries, is undernourished.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Mini Nutritional assessment,rural elderly, Bangladesh, demograhpic, socio-economic, health factors|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Preventive Medicine|
|Objective Group:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)|
|Objective Field:||Rural Health|
|Author:||Khanam, MA (Dr Masuma Khanam)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||35|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
|Downloads:||4 View Download Statistics|
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