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Temporal variability of dissolved iron species in the mesopelagic zone at Ocean Station PAPA

Citation

Schallenberg, C and Ross, ARS and Davidson, AB and Stewart, GM and Cullen, JT, Temporal variability of dissolved iron species in the mesopelagic zone at Ocean Station PAPA, Journal of Marine Systems, 172 pp. 128-136. ISSN 0924-7963 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Crown Copyright 2017

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2017.03.006

Abstract

Deposition of atmospheric aerosols to the surface ocean is considered an important mechanism for the supply of iron (Fe) to remote ocean regions, but direct observations of the oceanic response to aerosol deposition are sparse. In the high nutrient, low chlorophyll (HNLC) subarctic Pacific Ocean we observed a dissolved Fe and Fe(II) anomaly at depth that is best explained as the result of aerosol deposition from Siberian forest fires in May 2012. Interestingly, there was no evidence of enhanced dFe concentrations in surface waters, nor was there a detectable phytoplankton bloom in response to the suspected aerosol deposition. Dissolved Fe (dFe) and Fe(II) showed the strongest enhancement in the subsurface oxygen deficient zone (ODZ), where oxygen concentrations <50 μmol kg−1 are prevalent. In the upper 200m, dFe concentrations were at or below historic background levels, consistent with a short residence time of aerosol particles in surface waters and possible scavenging loss of dFe. Aerosol toxicity and/or dominance of particle scavenging over dissolution of Fe in the upper water column may have contributed to the lack of a strong phytoplankton response.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:GEOTRACES, Ocean Station PAPA, dissolved iron Iron(II), aerosol, oxygen-deficient, mesopelagic
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
Author:Schallenberg, C (Dr Christina Schallenberg)
ID Code:115736
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2017-04-06
Last Modified:2017-11-21
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