eCite Digital Repository

Assessment of Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure: An Overview of Objective Measures


Hills, AP and Mokhtar, N and Byrne, NM, Assessment of Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure: An Overview of Objective Measures, Frontiers in Nutrition, 1, (5) pp. 1-16. ISSN 2296-861X (2014) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.3389/fnut.2014.00005


The ability to assess energy expenditure (EE) and estimate physical activity (PA) in free-living individuals is extremely important in the global context of non-communicable diseases including malnutrition, overnutrition (obesity), and diabetes. It is also important to appreciate that PA and EE are different constructs with PA defined as any bodily movement that results in EE and accordingly, energy is expended as a result of PA. However, total energy expenditure, best assessed using the criterion doubly labeled water (DLW) technique, includes components in addition to physical activity energy expenditure, namely resting energy expenditure and the thermic effect of food. Given the large number of assessment techniques currently used to estimate PA in humans, it is imperative to understand the relative merits of each. The goal of this review is to provide information on the utility and limitations of a range of objective measures of PA and their relationship with EE. The measures discussed include those based on EE or oxygen uptake including DLW, activity energy expenditure, physical activity level, and metabolic equivalent; those based on heart rate monitoring and motion sensors; and because of their widespread use, selected subjective measures.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:physical activity assessment, human energy expenditure, objective measurement techniques, stable isotopes, accelerometry
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
UTAS Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:115703
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-04-05
Last Modified:2018-05-03
Downloads:170 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page