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The effect of a whey protein supplement dose on satiety and food intake in resistance training athletes

Citation

MacKenzie-Shalders, KL and Byrne, NM and Slater, GJ and King, NA, The effect of a whey protein supplement dose on satiety and food intake in resistance training athletes, Appetite, 92 pp. 178-184. ISSN 0195-6663 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.05.007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Many athletes perform resistance training and consume dietary protein as a strategy to promote anabolic adaptation. Due to its high satiety value, the regular addition of supplemented dietary protein could plausibly displace other key macronutrients such as carbohydrate in an athlete's diet. This effect will be influenced by the form and dose of protein. Therefore, this study assessed the impact of liquid whey protein dose manipulation on subjective sensations of appetite and food intake in a cohort of athletes.

DESIGN: Ten male athletes who performed both resistance and aerobic (endurance) training (21.2 2.3 years; 181.7 5.7 cm and 80.8 6.1 kg) were recruited. In four counter-balanced testing sessions they consumed a manipulated whey protein supplement (20, 40, 60 or 80 g protein) 1 hour after a standardised breakfast. Subsequent energy intake was measured 3 hours after the protein supplement using an ad libitum test meal. Subjective appetite sensations were measured periodically during the test day using visual analogue scales.

RESULTS: All conditions resulted in a significant decrease in ratings of hunger (50-65%; P < 0.05) at the time of supplement consumption. However, there were no significant differences between the conditions at any time point for subjective appetite sensations or for energy consumed in the ad libitum meal: 4382 1004, 4643 982, 4514 1112, 4177 1494 kJ respectively.

CONCLUSION: Increasing whey protein supplement dose above 20 g did not result in a measurable increase in satiety or decrease in food intake. However, the inclusion of additional whey protein supplementation where not otherwise consumed could plausibly reduce dietary intake.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Appetite; Protein supplementation; Resistance training; Rugby; Satiety
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and Dietetics
Research Field:Clinical and Sports Nutrition
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:115676
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-04-05
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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