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Influence of habitual physical activity on gastric emptying in healthy males and relationships with body composition and energy expenditure

Citation

Horner, KM and Byrne, N and Cleghorn, GJ and King, NA, Influence of habitual physical activity on gastric emptying in healthy males and relationships with body composition and energy expenditure, The British journal of nutrition, 114, (3) pp. 489-496. ISSN 0007-1145 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0007114515002044

Abstract

Although a number of studies have examined the role of gastric emptying (GE) in obesity, the influences of habitual physical activity level, body composition and energy expenditure (EE) on GE have received very little consideration. In the present study, we compared GE in active and inactive males, and characterised relationships with body composition (fat mass and fat-free mass) and EE. A total of forty-four males (active n 22, inactive n 22; BMI 21-36 kg/m2; percentage of fat mass 9-42%) were studied, with GE of a standardised (1676 kJ) pancake meal being assessed by the [13C]octanoic acid breath test, body composition by air displacement plethysmography, RMR by indirect calorimetry, and activity EE (AEE) by accelerometry. The results showed that GE was faster in active compared with inactive males (mean half-time (t 1/2): active 157 (sd 18) and inactive 179 (sd 21) min, P< 0.001). When data from both groups were pooled, GE t 1/2 was associated with percentage of fat mass (r 0.39, P< 0.01) and AEE (r - 0.46, P< 0.01). After controlling for habitual physical activity status, the association between AEE and GE remained, but not that for percentage of fat mass and GE. BMI and RMR were not associated with GE. In summary, faster GE is considered to be a marker of a habitually active lifestyle in males, and is associated with a higher AEE level and a lower percentage of fat mass. The possibility that GE contributes to a gross physiological regulation (or dysregulation) of food intake with physical activity level deserves further investigation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Body composition; Energy expenditure; Gastric emptying; Physical activity
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Human Movement and Sports Science
Research Field:Exercise Physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Author:Byrne, N (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:115659
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-04-04
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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