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Producing super sweet and firm peaches and nectarines

Citation

Nissen, RJ and George, AP and Topp, BL, Producing super sweet and firm peaches and nectarines, Acta Horticulturae, 694 pp. 311-314. ISSN 0567-7572 (2005) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2005 ISHS

DOI: doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.694.51

Abstract

New systems are being developed to produce super-sweet peaches and nectarines under subtropical conditions of Australia. Currently most low-chill stone fruit, because of their short fruit development period (FDP), exhibit low sugar concentrations between 9-10° Brix, whereas a minimum acceptable standard would be 11 Brix. Evaluation of total orchard exclusion netting (2 mm spacing microfilament mesh) as an environmentally friendly means of preventing pest damage to stone fruit has been proven to be highly effective. Additional benefits of the exclusion netting were the change in microclimate. Higher maximum temperatures (5C) compared with ambient generated additional heat units producing fruit with 30% greater Brix concentrations (15 Brix). New management tools and techniques have also increased sugar concentrations of fruit by an additional 10 to 20%. These tools and techniques include: applying foliar growth retardants of prohexiodione-Ca or paclobutrazol during early fruit development to restrict shoot extension growth to less than 10 cm by stone-hardening; and applying ethylene inhibitors such as aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) one week before first harvest. Ethylene inhibitors have the effect of delaying fruit maturity. Further studies are being conducted on new hybridised low-chill germplasm with longer FDPs and genetically higher sugar concentrations. Various combinations of these new varieties and management factors are being assessed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fruit quality, brix, firmness, growth regulators, exclusion netting
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
Author:Nissen, RJ (Mr Robert Nissen)
ID Code:115588
Year Published:2005
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2017-03-31
Last Modified:2017-04-06
Downloads:0

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