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Improving the nutritional management of non-astringent persimmon in subtropical Australia

Citation

George, AP and Nissen, RJ and Broadley, RH and Collins, RJ, Improving the nutritional management of non-astringent persimmon in subtropical Australia, Acta Horticulturae, 601 pp. 131-138. ISSN 0567-7572 (2003) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2003 ISHS

DOI: doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.601.17

Abstract

A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the nutritional requirements of non-astringent persimmon in subtropical Australia. Three rates and two times of application of the two major nutrients, N and K, were evaluated for two different soil types in south-east Queensland. Nitrogen and K were shown to be key manipulators of productivity. At both low (< 40 kg per hectare) and high (> 100 kg per hectare) annual rates of N, the total number of fruit per tree was reduced due to adverse effects on fruit set and increased fruit drop. With potassium, average fruit weight and yield increased with increasing rates of K applied up to 80 kg per hectare, and much more slowly thereafter. Multiple, sequential foliar applications of Ca were shown to increase leaf Ca concentrations by 20%, improve fruit firmness and storage life. A benchmarking survey of leading orchards was also undertaken to document current nutritional practices, and to determine if there was a relationship between leaf nutrient concentrations with productivity. Salinity was a major problem in some production regions; and at leaf Cl concentrations above 0.8%, yield was severely reduced. Based on these studies, a new, narrower range of leaf nutrient standards at both fruit set and one month prior to harvest is being developed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fruit quality, nitrogen, nutrition, potassium, yield
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
Author:Nissen, RJ (Mr Robert Nissen)
ID Code:115582
Year Published:2003
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2017-03-31
Last Modified:2017-04-06
Downloads:0

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