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Mobile medical applications for dosage recommendation, drug adverse reaction, and drug interaction


Apidi, NA and Murugiah, MK and Muthuveloo, R and Soh, YC and Caruso, V and Patel, R and Ming, LC, Mobile medical applications for dosage recommendation, drug adverse reaction, and drug interaction, Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 51, (4) pp. 480-485. ISSN 2168-4790 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1177/2168479017696266


Background: There is a need for a collation and comparison of the content of the mobile medical applications (apps) to allow health care professionals to know precisely which app they can rely on to gain access to appropriate drugs references. This study aims to evaluate the features of mobile medical apps based on 3 major functions: Dosage recommendation, drug adverse Reaction, And Drug Interaction (DoReADI).

Method: A review and comparison of mobile apps available in Google’s Play Store (Android system) and Apple’s App Store (iOS system) were performed. The comparison was based on the availability of options, especially DoReADI functionalities. The assessment criteria were as follows: requirement for an Internet connection, subscription fee charged, size of app, dose recommendation, drug indication, dose calculator, drug picture, dose adjustment, pregnancy safety, interaction checker, interaction classification, clinical teaching advice, contraindicated drug, black box warning, adverse effect, contraindication or precaution, as well as toxicology and pharmacology information.

Results: Eight mobile medical apps were included and used to compare their features and functionalities. The 4 apps that scored the highest (14/17 points) are: Lexicomp®, Epocrates®, Micromedex®, and®. Lexicomp and Micromedex do not provide the image of the drug and have an access subscription fee. Epocrates does not provide interaction classification and clinical teaching advice, and occupies a large space in the memory to be installed. Meanwhile, My Blue Book® scored the lowest (9/17 points) because certain features such as toxicology information, drug interaction, clinical teaching advice, contraindicated drug, and black box warning were not included.

Conclusion: Based on the features assessment criteria of each mobile medical application, Lexicomp, Epocrates, Micromedex, and are the apps that scored the highest. Epocrates and Micromedex are useful for checking drug interactions. In addition, some of the apps have additional features for the DoReADI criteria, for example, dose calculator and interaction classification.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:drug adverse reaction, dosage recommendation, mobile medical application, Micromedex, health informatics, pharmacoinformatics, drug information, drug references, drug names
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Pharmaceutical sciences
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Caruso, V (Dr Vanni Caruso)
UTAS Author:Patel, R (Dr Rahul Patel)
UTAS Author:Ming, LC (Dr Long Ming)
ID Code:115420
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:23
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2017-03-23
Last Modified:2019-09-26

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