Grasten, A and Watt, A and Liukkonen, J and Jaakkola, T, Effects of school-based physical activity program on students' moderate to vigorous physical activity and perceptions of physical competence, Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 14, (6) pp. 455-464. ISSN 1543-3080 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 2017, 14(6), 455-464, https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2016-0244. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Background: The study examined the effects of school-based program on studentsí self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments.
Methods: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year.
Results: The intervention groupís physical competence increased, whereas the control groupís competence remained stable across the period. However, physical activity levels were stable in both groups. The findings also showed that body mass index was negatively associated with physical competence and activity in the intervention group at the follow-up measure. Physical education assessments were positively related with only the baseline scores of physical competence in the intervention group. In contrast, the assessments had positive relationships with physical competence and activity of control group students.
Conclusion: The present program was an effective protocol to increase studentís perceptions of physical competence. Since the quantity of school physical education including recess activities cannot be dramatically increased, positive learning experiences should be provided, and thus, support perceptions of physical competence.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||intervention study, public health, physical education, physical activity assessment|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public health|
|Research Field:||Health promotion|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Behaviour and health|
|UTAS Author:||Grasten, A (Dr Arto Grasten)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||2|
|Downloads:||86 View Download Statistics|
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