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Effects of school-based physical activity program on studentsí moderate to vigorous physical activity and perceptions of physical competence

Citation

Grasten, A, Effects of school-based physical activity program on students' moderate to vigorous physical activity and perceptions of physical competence, Journal of Physical Activity & Health pp. 1-30. ISSN 1543-3080 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2017 Human Kinetics, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1123/jpah.2016-0244

Abstract

Background: The study examined the effects of school-based program on studentsí self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments.

Methods: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year.

Results: The intervention groupís physical competence increased, whereas the control groupís competence remained stable across the period. However, physical activity levels were stable in both groups. The findings also showed that body mass index was negatively associated with physical competence and activity in the intervention group at the follow-up measure. Physical education assessments were positively related with only the baseline scores of physical competence in the intervention group. In contrast, the assessments had positive relationships with physical competence and activity of control group students.

Conclusion: The present program was an effective protocol to increase studentís perceptions of physical competence. Since the quantity of school physical education including recess activities cannot be dramatically increased, positive learning experiences should be provided, and thus, support perceptions of physical competence.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:intervention study, public health, physical education, physical activity assessment
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Health Promotion
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
Author:Grasten, A (Dr Arto Grasten)
ID Code:115379
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2017-03-21
Last Modified:2017-11-22
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