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Proper motions of embedded protostellar jets in Serpens


Djupvik, AA and Liimets, T and Zinnecker, H and Barzdis, A and Rastorgueva-Foi, EA and Petersen, LR, Proper motions of embedded protostellar jets in Serpens, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 587 Article A75. ISSN 1432-0746 (2016) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

ESO, 2016

DOI: doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201526532


Aims. We determine the proper motion of protostellar jets around Class 0 and Class I sources in an active star forming region in Serpens. Methods. Multi-epoch deep images in the 2.122 μm line of molecular hydrogen, v = 1−0 S(1), obtained with the near-infrared instrument NOTCam on a timescale of 10 years, are used to determine the proper motion of knots and jets. K-band spectroscopy of the brighter knots is used to supply radial velocities, estimate extinction, excitation temperature, and H2 column densities towards these knots. Results. We measure the proper motion of 31 knots on different timescales (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 years). The typical tangential velocity is around 50 km s-1 for the 10-year baseline, but for shorter timescales, a maximum tangential velocity up to 300 km s-1 is found for a few knots. Based on morphology, velocity information, and the locations of known protostars, we argue for the existence of at least three partly overlapping and deeply embedded flows, one Class 0 flow and two Class I flows. The multi-epoch proper motion results indicate time-variable velocities of the knots, for the first time directly measured for a Class 0 jet. We find in general higher velocities for the Class 0 jet than for the two Class I jets. While the bolometric luminosites of the three driving sources are about equal, the derived mass flow rate Ṁout is two orders of magnitude higher in the Class 0 flow than in the two Class I flows.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:stars: formation; ISM: jets and outflows; Herbig-Haro objects; ISM: kinematics and dynamics
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Other Physical Sciences
Research Field:Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Author:Rastorgueva-Foi, EA (Dr Elizaveta Rastorgueva-Foi)
ID Code:115222
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2017-03-10
Last Modified:2017-04-07
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