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Reflective minds and open hearts: Cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample

Citation

Browne, M and Pennycook, G and Goodwin, B and McHenry, MT, Reflective minds and open hearts: Cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample, European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, (7) pp. 736-742. ISSN 0046-2772 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1002/ejsp.2059

Abstract

We examined associations between two psychological constructs, analytic cognitive style and the personality facet ‘Openness to Experience’, and several dimensions of religiosity: religious affiliation, strength of faith and spiritual epistemology. In a relatively large (N = 1093), older community sample (M = 55.4 years), analytic cognitive style was associated with a lower probability of affiliating with a religious denomination and a higher probability of possessing strong religious faith. Overall, openness was also associated with a lack of religious affiliation but was positively related to possessing a spiritual epistemology. A path-analytic model revealed that openness had a positive relationship to both faith and religious denomination that was mediated by spiritual epistemology, but negative direct relationships with religiosity after the meditational effects were taken into account. Taken together, these results extend previous findings on the effect of cognitive style on religiosity and provide a new perspective on the complex relationship between cognitive and personality factors and different dimensions of religiosity.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:thinking religiosity
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurosciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:McHenry, MT (Dr Melinda McHenry)
ID Code:115153
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2017-03-08
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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