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Numerical modelling of the lobes of radio galaxies in cluster environments - III. Powerful relativistic and non-relativistic jets


English, W and Hardcastle, MJ and Krause, MGH, Numerical modelling of the lobes of radio galaxies in cluster environments - III. Powerful relativistic and non-relativistic jets, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 461, (2) pp. 2025-2043. ISSN 0035-8711 (2016) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society : 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1093/mnras/stw1407


We present results from two suites of simulations of powerful radio galaxies in poor cluster environments, with a focus on the formation and evolution of the radio lobes. One suite of models uses relativistic hydrodynamics and the other relativistic magnetohydrodynamics; both are set up to cover a range of jet powers and velocities. The dynamics of the lobes are shown to be in good agreement with analytical models and with previous numerical models, confirming in the relativistic regime that the observed widths of radio lobes may be explained if they are driven by very light jets. The ratio of energy stored in the radio lobes to that put into the intracluster gas is seen to be the same regardless of jet power, jet velocity or simulation type, suggesting that we have a robust understanding of the work done on the ambient gas by this type of radio source. For the most powerful jets, we at times find magnetic field amplification by up to a factor of 2 in energy, but mostly the magnetic energy in the lobes is consistent with the magnetic energy injected. We confirm our earlier result that for jets with a toroidally injected magnetic field, the field in the lobes is predominantly aligned with the jet axis once the lobes are well developed, and that this leads to radio flux anisotropies of up to a factor of about two for mature sources. We reproduce the relationship between 151 MHz luminosity and jet power determined analytically in the literature.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hydrodynamics methods: numerical galaxies: active galaxies: jets galaxies: magnetic fields
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:Cosmology and extragalactic astronomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Krause, MGH (Dr Martin Krause)
ID Code:115119
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:40
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2017-03-08
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:125 View Download Statistics

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