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Contracting by Small Farmers in Commodities with Export Potential


Kumar, A and Roy, D and Tripathi, G and Joshi, PK and Adhikari, RP, Contracting by Small Farmers in Commodities with Export Potential, IFPRI Discussion Paper, (01533) pp. 1-32. (2016) [Professional, Non Refereed Article]

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This study is undertaken to quantify the benefits of contract farming (CF) on farmersí income in a case where new market opportunities are emerging for smallholder farmers in Nepal. CF is emerging as an important form of vertical coordination in the agrifood supply chain. The prospect for CF in a country like Nepal with accessibility issues, underdeveloped markets, and a lack of amenities remains ambiguous. Contractors find it difficult to build links in these cases, particularly when final consumers have quality and safety requirements. However, a lack of other market opportunities makes the contracts more sustainable. The latter happens if there are product-specific quality advantages because of agroecology and, more important, lack of side-selling opportunities. Concerns remain about monoposonistic powers of the buyers when small farmers do not have outside options. Results of this study show that CF is significantly more profitable (81 percent greater net income) than independent production, the main pathway being higher yield and price realization. The positive impact of CF on farmersí profits can help Nepal in harnessing the growing demand for pulses, especially in neighboring international markets, like India.

Item Details

Item Type:Professional, Non Refereed Article
Keywords:contract farming, lentil, income, small farmers, Nepal
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, land and farm management
Research Field:Farm management, rural management and agribusiness
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Management and productivity
Objective Field:Management and productivity not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Adhikari, RP (Dr Rajendra Adhikari)
ID Code:114963
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2017-03-03
Last Modified:2017-03-10

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